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Polymorphism of PXR gene associated with the increased risk of drug-induced liver injury in Indonesian pulmonary tuberculosis patients

Zazuli, Z. and M.I., Barliana and Ully Adhie, Mulyani and Dyah Aryani, Perwitasari and H, Ng and R, Abdullah (2015) Polymorphism of PXR gene associated with the increased risk of drug-induced liver injury in Indonesian pulmonary tuberculosis patients. Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics, 40 (6). pp. 680-684. ISSN 1365-2710

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Abstract

What is known and objective: Tuberculosis is still a major infectious disease in Indonesia. Patients are treated mostly using fixed-dose combination treatment in primary public health facilities. The incidence of antituberculosis drug-induced liver injury (AT-DILI) is approximately 10% among Indonesian tuberculosis patients who used standard fi xed combination regimens during the intensive phase of treatment. However, information regarding genetic polymorphism associated with the increase risk of drug-induced liver injury is still limited. The aim of this study was to investigate pregnane X receptor (PXR) gene polymorphisms as one of the risk factors of AT-DILI. Methods:In this prospective cohort study, we recruited 106 adult patients diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis and treated with category I FDC (fixed-dose combination). The identification of SNP -25385C>T (rs3814055) was conducted by ARMS (ampli-fi cation refractory mutation system). Hepatotoxicity was defined as ALT and/or AST levels above the normal threshold on the second, fourth and sixth months of monitoring during tubercu-losis treatment. Results and discussion: The logistic regression analysis showed that patients with the TT genotype of PXR gene (rs3814055) significantly had a greater risk of AT-DILI (OR 8 � 89; 95% CI 1� 36–57�93, P < 0�05), compared with those of wild-type CC genotype. What is new and conclusion: The result suggests that in Indonesian patients with tuberculosis, the risk of having AT-DILI was associated with TT genotype of the PXR gene

Item Type: Artikel Umum
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Divisi / Prodi: Faculty of Pharmacy (Fakultas Farmasi) > S1-Pharmacy (S1-Farmasi)
Depositing User: dyah aryani
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2018 03:02
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2018 03:02
URI: http://eprints.uad.ac.id/id/eprint/10940

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