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THE INDONESIAN NATIONAL COMPETENCY STANDARDS IN TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING: AN EVALUATION OF POLICY IMPLEMENTATION IN INDONESIA

Sayuti, Muhammad (2017) THE INDONESIAN NATIONAL COMPETENCY STANDARDS IN TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING: AN EVALUATION OF POLICY IMPLEMENTATION IN INDONESIA. In: UPI International Conference on Technical and Vocational Education and Training, 15-16 November 2016, Bandung, Indonesia. (Submitted)

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Abstract

To develop the Technical and Vocational Education (TVET) system in Indonesia, competency standards have been borrowed globally and implemented, as part of the national agenda for skills recognition and skills qualifications. Little research exists regarding the effectiveness of the implementation of the Indonesian version of competency standards, named Indonesian National Competency Standards (SKKNI) in Indonesian TVET institutions. This study consisted of empirical surveys based on comprehensive questionnaires, followed by individual and group semi-structured interviews, as well as the analyses of relevant documents. The study involved participants from two types of institutions in Indonesian TVET which were managed by two different ministries and implementers from relevant institutions. The first type was Vocational Training Centres (BLK) of the Ministry of Manpower (MoM) which assumed the leadership of the development of the policy of SKKNI. The second type was Vocational Senior Secondary Schools (SMK) of the Ministry of Education and Culture (MoEC) which was the main regulator and the provider of education and training in education institutions nationally. Findings revealed that the policy of SKKNI was poorly established, the resources for implementation of SKKNI was limited (financial, curricular and training workshops), there was a tension and rivalry between two ministries and lack of coordination and cooperation for implementation, he commitment of implementers was generally insufficient, however participants from a small number of TVET institutions implementing the SKKNI showed a high commitment for implementation, the support from external stakeholders (industry and the public) was insufficient, teachers’ disposition significantly contributed as a predictor for teachers’ performance in implementing two aspects of SKKNI (certification aspects and curricular aspects) and certified teachers showed better disposition and performance in implementing SKKNI.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Divisi / Prodi: Master (Magister) > Magister Pendidikan Vokasi
Depositing User: Muhammad Sayuti
Date Deposited: 09 Jun 2018 01:47
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2018 01:47
URI: http://eprints.uad.ac.id/id/eprint/6516

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