Literature Review Study: Supporting and Inhibiting Factors of the Success to Stop Smoking

Sejati, Ardhitya and Djannah, Sitti Nur (2020) Literature Review Study: Supporting and Inhibiting Factors of the Success to Stop Smoking. [Artikel Dosen]

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Indonesia is the third country with the highest number of smokers in the world after China and India with a
smoker‟s prevalence of 36.1%. Many smokers have the desire to stop smoking but there are many obstacles to
its success, so too the government has established a no-smoking area program (KTR). This study aims to
review and compare several articles about inhibiting factors and supporters of the success of quitting smoking
so that it becomes a public concern and a reference in making programs that support non-smoking areas
(KTR). The design used was a literature review taken from the PubMed data base on inhibiting factors and
supporters of successful smoking cessation. The articles that have been netted from PubMed are 50 articles
and those that fit the inclusion criteria are qualitative research as many as 19 articles. Review literature
research results described that the factors supporting the success of quitting smoking, namely 1) Individual
factors (personal motivation, mindset, strong determination to stop smoking), 2) Regulations at work, 3)
Social changes in the form of a non-smoking environment or region, 4) Having physical activity and social
media can increase the success of quitting smoking. 5) When the intervention will be carried out, the
intervention will be in the long term because the smoking tradition has strong roots. Things that can inhibit
the success of quitting smoking are the main factors, namely 1) Social factors between smokers, both within
the family and in the community, 2) Low knowledge and attitudes towards understanding about smoking and
its dangers scientifically, 3) Problems in everyday life such as stress, financial problems, boredom and
smoking habits when eating, 4) cigarette advertisements can encourage to continue smoking, 5) Difficulties in
nicotine replacement. Things that can be concluded from the review literature that the success factors to stop
smoking are determined by social factors, individual factors, and cigarette advertising, physical activity and
workplace factors

Item Type: Artikel Dosen
Subjects: R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Divisi / Prodi: Faculty of Public Health (Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat) > FKM Doc
Depositing User: Dra Sitti Nur Djannah
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2021 06:15
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2021 06:15

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