Bio-oil from Oil Palm Shell Pyrolysis as Renewable Energy: A Review

PITOYO, JOKO and Jamilatun, Siti and Suharto, Totok Eka (2022) Bio-oil from Oil Palm Shell Pyrolysis as Renewable Energy: A Review. CHEMICA : Jurnal Teknik Kimia, 9 (2). pp. 67-79. ISSN 2355-8776

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Oil palm shell (OPS) is biomass with high carbon and hydrogen content, so it has the potential to produce renewable energy through the thermochemical method. Pyrolysis is a relatively inexpensive thermochemical method that continuously converts biomass into valuable gas, bio-oil, and char products. Bio-oil is used directly to fuel boilers and
furnaces or to produce fuel oil. This article reviews the pyrolysis process of biomass from oil palm shells, discussing the operating parameters that influence the pyrolysis process and the method of upgrading bio-oil. This review shows a relationship between biomass composition (cellulose,
hemicellulose, and lignin) and bio-oil yield. The water content in the raw material needs to be controlled at around 10%. The optimum particle size is closely related to the biomass's natural structure and reactor type. The higher the ash and fixed carbon content, the lower the bio-oil yield. The optimum temperature for pyrolysis is between 450-550 ºC. A high heating rate will increase the decomposition of biomass into bio-oil. Particle size and reactor type strongly influence feed rate, residence time, and reaction time. A fluidized bed reactor gives the highest bio-oil yield. Using plastic in co-pyrolysis and catalyst increases the heating value and
decreases the oxygenated content.

Item Type: Artikel Umum
Additional Information: Published paper in CHEMICA
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisi / Prodi: Faculty of Industrial Technology (Fakultas Teknologi Industri) > S2-Chemical Engineering(S2-Teknik Kimia)
Depositing User: Totok Eka Suharto
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2023 01:16
Last Modified: 05 Jan 2023 01:16

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