Systematic literature review of postponed elections during COVID-19: Campaigns, regulations, and budgets

Anom Wahyu Asmorojati, AWA and Suyadi, Suyadi and Zalik, Nuryana and Sumaryati, Sumaryati and Megawat, Megawati Systematic literature review of postponed elections during COVID-19: Campaigns, regulations, and budgets. [Artikel Dosen]

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The postponement of elections during the COVID-19 pandemic reflects a decline in global democracy.
The policy of postponing elections due to health concerns, regulatory changes, and
economic crises lacks empirical evidence. Several studies suggest that holding elections in
countries that proceed with them does not significantly impact the spread of COVID-19. The
acceleration of COVID-19 transmission is not limited to countries holding elections; it affects all
countries, including those postponing them. Moreover, countries that continue to hold elections
have turned this challenge into a COVID-19 mitigation strategy. This study aimed to analyze the
findings of original research on election execution during the COVID-19 pandemic, focusing on
campaign activities, regulatory changes, and election budgeting. It employed systematic literature
review using 12 articles from the Web of Science and Scopus databases. The results show that
conducting elections during the COVID-19 pandemic does not contribute to the spread of the
virus. This is evident through the adoption of blended campaign strategies by the candidates.
Election committees have adjusted voting procedures, including increasing the number of polling
stations, tightly scheduling voter arrivals, and visiting red zone lockdown areas to prevent mass
mobilization. The increase in election budgets during an economic crisis is not solely for the
elections themselves but also for reinforcing health protocols. This research recommends a
reconsideration of election postponements and advocates for conducting elections during the
COVID-19 pandemic to uphold democracy. Furthermore, future research should explore the social
and political implications, as well as the long-term consequences for democracy, which result
from the implementation of soft campaign strategies and voting system modifications on a global
scale, all in the pursuit of preserving democracy.

Item Type: Artikel Dosen
Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
Divisi / Prodi: Faculty of Teacher Training and Education (Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan) > S1-Pancasila and Citizenship Education (S1-Pendidikan Pancasila dan Kewarganegaraan))
Depositing User: Dra, M.Hum Sumaryati Sumaryati
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2024 02:44
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2024 02:44

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